Inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve is a neuralgia caused by the irritation of the sciatic nerve; It can affect the right side or the left side of the body.
There is pain in the lower back, in the back of the thigh and hip, on the calf and below the sole of the foot to the toes. Treatment depends on the cause of the pathology. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Anatomy Overview The sciatic nerve is composed of nerve fibers
which originate in the nerves of the sacral plexus (L4, L5, S1, S2, S3). The nerve follows the following path: it passes through the buttocks behind the piriform, through the posterior part of the leg and calf, and then under the heel to the toes. Causes of Sciatic Nerve Inflammation Damage or pressure on the sciatic nerve are the two main causes of sciatica. The lumbar disc herniation causes compression on the nerves that come out of the spine. If the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed due to compression, the patient feels pain along the nerve. Other causes of sciatica are: Poor posture and sedentary lifestyle,Tumor near the sciatic nerve, for example a neuroma, Pregnancy and obesity that cause high pressure on the spine,Narrow lumbar canal with narrowing of the vertebral canal, Piriform syndrome, Trauma: If the stroke is violent, it can damage the nerves. Fragments of a fractured vertebra can also compress the nerves and cause pain. spondylolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis is a degenerative disc disease. This painful pathology manifests itself when a vertebra glides slightly forward over another. The bone can compress the nerve. Factors that overload the spine are listed below: To be overweight,Wear heels over long periods,Move heavy loads incorrectly. Sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy. During pregnancy, inflammation of the sciatic nerve occurs when the nerve is compressed because of the uterus that has developed to allow the growth of the child. Weight gain during pregnancy is the main cause of sciatica. Pains in the nerves are different from cramps or lower back pain.